Spain - old world wine
Spain has over 2.9 million acres of vineyards, making it the most widely planted wine-producing nation. However, it is only the third largest producer of wine in the world, behind France and Italy, partly due to the spacing of the vines, low yield and poor soil quality.
Spanish wine varieties are diverse due to its considerable climate variation from region to region. Spain has an abundance of native grape varieties, with over 600 varieties planted throughout Spain, though 80% of the country’s wine production is only from 20 grapes – including Tempranillo which is produced in the major Spanish wine regions or Rioja and Riera del Duero.